ALLAMA IQBAL (ESSAY)






ALLAMA IQBAL (ESSAY)

Dr. Allama Muhammad Iqbal was a great thinker, Poet and  a Philospher born on November, 9, 1877. His ancestors had migrated from Kashmir some two hundred years before .His father Sheikh Nur Muhammad was a mystic from whom Iqbal inhcrited mvsticim and deep love for religion.He received his early education at a local high school and passed his intermediate
examination from Murrey College.He had the good fortune of studying Arabic.Persian and Islamyat under the inspiring guidance of Syed Mir Hussan.He proceeded to Lahore for higher studies and joined the Goverment College .There he came under the influence of Dr.Arnold who inspired him to study Philosophy in 1899.he obtained his master,s degree in philosophy and joined the teaching staff of the Goverment college.He went Europe in 1905 for higher studies in Philosopy and Law.He obtained his 
Ph D in philosophy from Germany.He was called to Bar in 1908 and he returned to India the same year.His stay in Europe was
of great importance.It influenced him in many ways.He came
into contact with the contemporary Philosophical and Political
thought but the westren civilization and materialism found no 
favour with him.On his return.he return and creative poet philosophy and religion.He was an inspired and creative poet.He had already written some poems wich had been favourably received by critics and readers alike now he began to write in both persian anr urdu.He did not believe in art for ar's sake for him poetry was only a medrum for expressing his philosophical ideas.religious beliefs and political message. He published many volumes of poetry-Bang-i-Dara,Bali-Jabril,Zarb-i-Kaleem, Asrar-i-Khudi,Ramooz-i-Bekhudi,Payam-i-Mashraq,Jawaid Nama and Zaboori-i-Ajam all of these have become classics of literature.He was deeply interested in religion he delivered six lectures at Madras.which were later published under  the title reconstruction of religious thought in islam.In 1930,Iqbal presided over the Allahabad Session of the All-India Muslim League and delivered his famous presided address in which he asserted that the only solution of the problems of the Indian Muslim was a separate Muslim state.This was the first  demand for Pakistan.But he did not live to see the emergence of the new state. He died in 1938.It was nine years after his death that Pakistan was achieved.
Iqbal's genius was fully recognized by his nation in his lifetime.He was immensely popular among all sections of Muslim.All sorts of people-Politicans, mystics journalists and students-came to him for guidance and inspiration.